Returns to Security Sector Spending in South Sudan

Dates: 30 November 2019 – 30 November 2019

Location: 9:30AM-1:00PM Juba Grand Hotel

Organizer: The Sudd Institute


In this study, we investigate security sector expenditure in South Sudan and how this relates to human security. The results show a more volatile security environment in the country following the CPA and independence. Clearly, defense expenditure and human security, as measured in the number of insecurity episodes, are unrelated.


Our analysis suggests that the more we spend on defense, the more insecurity the country experiences. This is to say that an additional one percent spent on security translates to at least 60 deaths. We associate this human tragedy with the underlying laxities in the accountability sector and the use of state resources to endow gross misconducts. This state of affairs is unsustainable; therefore, South Sudan’s security sector requires a careful review in order to properly situate the reforms currently outlined in Chapter II of the Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCSS).


As these reforms get executed, security sector expenditures need strict oversight, with improved accountability measures integrated to minimize inefficiencies and foster sustainable socioeconomic and security results. Lastly, recent progress in the security situation, as represented by significant reductions in violence, should be strategically leveraged to enable greater public confidence and trust in the recently signed R-ARCSS.



Augustino Ting Mayai, Ph.D. Senior Policy Analyst, The Sudd Institute




Col. Kamilo Gatmai, Member of Joint Transitional Security Committee

Ms. Lorna Merekaje, SSuDEMop



Dr. James Okuk, Ministry of Foreign Affairs 



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