Managing Violence in Jonglei: A Test of Legitimacy and Credibility in Juba
Organization: The Sudd Institute
Type: Policy Briefs
The Human Security Baseline Assessment (HSBA) approximates resulting deaths at 2,000 or more in 1991; 1,000 in 2009; 2,167 in 2011; and 1,516 in 2012 (HSBA, 2012). On Sunday, 20th October 2013, another violence purportedly executed by largely Murle backed rebel group struck Jonglei’s Twic East County, killing nearly 80 people and wounding several others, majority of them women and children (Sudan Tribune, Oct. 22; Gurtong Trust, Oct. 21). The attack ensued after the floods that necessitated out-migration in Twic East County, making the community more vulnerable to the rebels. After several hours of fighting, the rebels, having looted thousands of cattle, burned houses, and kidnapped women and children, retreated. Sadly, those who are stranded in the county remain at the mercy of disease, starvation, and physical insecurity, as the South Sudanese government and the UNMISS failed to effectively respond to the crisis.
Jok Madut Jok is cofounder of the Sudd Institute. Born and raised in Sudan, Jok studied in Egypt and the United States. He is trained in the anthropology of health and holds a Ph.D. from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA). Jok recently joined the Government of South Sudan as undersecretary in the Ministry of Culture and Heritage. He was a J. Randolph Senior Fellow at the United States Institute of Peace and a fellow at the Rift Valley Institute. He is a Professor in the Department of History at Loyola Marymount University in California, from which he is on an extended leave. He has also worked in aid and development, first as a humanitarian aid worker and has been a consultant for a number of aid agencies. He is the author of three books and numerous articles covering gender, sexuality and reproductive health, humanitarian aid, ethnography of political violence, gender-based violence, war and slavery, and the politics of identity in Sudan. His book Sudan: Race, Religion and Violence, was published in 2007. Jok is co-editor of The Sudan Handbook, 2010.
Augustino Ting Mayai is the Director of Research at the Sudd Institute. Augustino’s major research interests include childhood mortality differentials in Sudan and South Sudan, applied quantitative methodology (econometrics), applied development research, social accountability and public service delivery, and the demography of conflicts and violence.
Prior to co-founding the Sudd Institute, Augustino worked on a wide range of research projects sponsored by the Office of the President—South Sudan, the World Bank, UNICEF, Integrity Research and Consultancy, Capacity Building Trust Fund, the US National Science Foundation, and UNFPA.
Augustino holds a PhD (2015) and an MS (2008) in Sociology, with concentrations in demography and development studies from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and a BS (2006) in Sociology from the University of Utah. He currently studies how state effectiveness affects child health outcomes in South Sudan and Ethiopia, which his dissertation explored.